LOS ANGELES–(BUSINESS WIRE)–#ACLinjury–With spring upon us and summer not too far behind, April has been
proclaimed Youth Sports Month – a time to encourage youngsters to get
out and play while also providing important guidance on how to avoid
injury and stay in the game.
One injury of particular concern is the number of anterior cruciate
ligament (ACL) tears found among today’s youths. The ACL is one of the
major ligaments that provides stability to the knee joint; and although
commonly talked about in professional sports, this injury is even more
often found in athletes under the age of 25. In fact, the number of ACL
injuries, particularly among high school students, has risen
dramatically over the past 20 years. Researchers have found the overall
incidence of ACL tears among 6- to 18-year-old patients has increased by
2.3 percent per year, and the rate of ACL tears surgically reconstructed
has increased by 3 percent per year over the study period.
“ACL injuries have become a youth sports epidemic and are the No. 1
sports injury we operate on at our outpatient surgical center,” said
Jennifer Beck, M.D., associate director of the Center for Sports
Medicine at the Orthopaedic Institute for Children. “The injury
is most common in sports that involve sudden changes of direction – such
as football and soccer – but fortunately there are some basic things
athletes can do to lessen the chance of injury.”
According to Dr. Beck, most ACL injuries are not the result of contact
with another player but rather occur during sudden twisting motions
(such as when the feet are planted one way and the knees are turned
another way) or when landing from a jump. Factors that can contribute to
ACL injuries include biomechanical factors such as muscle strength and
leg alignment as well as sport technique and preparation.
Dr. Beck says that athletes can reduce their risk of ACL injuries by
performing training drills that require balance, jumping, power and
agility. “Drills such as these also help improve neuromuscular
conditioning and muscular reactions and have shown to ultimately
decrease the risk of ACL injury.” Other suggested exercise includes a
variety of focused stretches (calf, hamstring, quadriceps, etc.) leg
raises, leg lifts, prone hip extensions and sidesteps with a Theraband
resistance band. A complete list and more information on ACL sprains and
tears can be found at http://ortho-institute.org/education/patient-library/anterior-cruciate-ligament-sprain.
While ACL injuries are on the rise, it is not the only potential hazard
for youth who are gearing up for another season of sports … and many of
the basic tips provided to all young athletes apply to ACL injury
prevention as well. The OIC Center for Sports Medicine advises parents
and coaches to work together with young athletes to ensure that players:
Don’t skip the warm-ups. It is important to warm up properly,
including stretching and jogging. Preparing the muscles for more
strenuous exercise can help prevent strains and sprains (including ACL
injury) while improving performance.
Drink enough fluids. Dehydration can make muscles more
susceptible to damage. Players should drink water before, during, and
after practice and games.
Use proper equipment. There have been many advances through the
years in sports equipment that not only help performance but lessen
the risk of injury. Make sure that athletes have the right shoes, pads
and helmets before they take to the field.
Never play through pain. It is never okay for young athletes to
play through pain or fatigue. Persistent pain should not be ignored.
Left untreated simple injuries can become complicated conditions.
“We want children to have fun, but it is also important to have a common
sense approach to playing and to not ignore injury,” says Dr. Beck.
“While rest, ice and ibuprofen can help reduce basic soreness, if pain
persists parents should contact a physician. Failure to address a sports
injury properly and promptly can lead to lifelong problems.”
The Orthopaedic Institute for Children is home to Los Angeles’ premier
Center for Sports Medicine for children. Its state-of-the-art facility
is staffed by a specially trained team of sports medicine physicians,
pediatric orthopaedic surgeons, nurse practitioners, medical assistants,
athletic trainers and physical therapists all focused on helping each
child return to his or her sport activities as quickly and safely as
possible with the shortest possible recovery time.
About Orthopaedic Institute for Children
Orthopaedic Institute for Children (OIC) was founded in 1911 as Los
Angeles Orthopaedic Hospital. Focused solely on musculoskeletal
conditions in children, OIC receives 60,000 patient visits each year. In
alliance with UCLA Health and with the support of the OIC Foundation, we
advance pediatric orthopaedics worldwide through outstanding patient
care, medical education and research. Our locations in downtown Los
Angeles, Santa Monica, Westwood and Calexico treat the full spectrum of
pediatric orthopaedic disorders and injuries. For more information,
visit us at ortho-institute.org.
Orthopaedic Institute for Children
Camille Strickland, 213-742-1501